DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Citus vs. DolphinDB vs. Graph Engine vs. H2

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Citus vs. DolphinDB vs. Graph Engine vs. H2

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonDolphinDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLDolphinDB is a high performance Time Series DBMS. It is integrated with an easy-to-use fully featured programming language and a high-volume high-velocity streaming analytics system. It offers operational simplicity, scalability, fault tolerance, and concurrency.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#106  Overall
#20  Document stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score1.77
Rank#135  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score1.65
Rank#140  Overall
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.citusdata.comwww.dolphindb.comwww.graphengine.iowww.h2database.com
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsdocs.citusdata.comwww.dolphindb.com/­helpwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationDolphinDB, IncMicrosoftThomas Mueller
Initial release20122010201820102005
Current release1.19.0, June 20218.1, December 2018v2.00.4, January 20222.1.210, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercial infofree community version availableOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++.NET and CJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
.NETAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
JSON over HTTP
Kafka
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
OPC DA
OPC UA
RabbitMQ
WebSocket
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
MatLab
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesyesJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions
Triggersnoyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDyesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourcenoyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourcefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAdministrators, Users, Groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache DrillCitusDolphinDBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityH2
Recent citations in the news

Apache Drill improves big data SQL query engine
31 August 2021, TechTarget

Apache Drill Adds New Data Formats
28 March 2022, iProgrammer

Amazon's PartiQL query language eyes all data sources
6 August 2019, TechTarget

Apache Drill Poised to Crack Tough Data Challenges
19 May 2015, Datanami

MapR Aims to Take SQL-on-Hadoop to Next Level
16 September 2014, CIO

provided by Google News

Researchers break Azure PostgreSQL database-as-a-service isolation with cross-tenant attack
28 April 2022, CSO Online

Learn how to build a fast, scalable data system on Azure Hyperscale (Citus) and Cosmos DB
1 April 2022, YourStory

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Storage news ticker – March 29 – Blocks and Files
29 March 2022, Blocks and Files

At Ignite, Microsoft enhances its cloud database, warehouse and lake services
2 November 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

DolphinDB bags $15m and 14 more deal updates from Greater China
10 December 2021, DealStreetAsia

Sequoia China, 5Y Capital back Huobanyun and 25 more deal updates
20 December 2021, DealStreetAsia

provided by Google News

Observe, Inc. Dives Deeper Into Observability
13 May 2022, DevOps.com

Open source Microsoft Graph Engine takes on Neo4j
13 February 2017, InfoWorld

Microsoft Graph Engine Is Now an Open-Source Project
13 February 2017, WinBuzzer

Can Streaming Graphs Clean Up the Data Pipeline Mess?
28 March 2022, Datanami

Cutting-edge Katana Graph scores $28.5 million Series A Led by Intel Capital
24 February 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Software Engineer- Query Engines
Workday, Pleasanton, CA

Principal Software Engineer - Query Engines
Workday, United States

Sr Data Engineer – Marketing Data Analytics
Lowe's, Charlotte, NC

Sr Data Engineer – Pro Data Analytics
Lowe's, Charlotte, NC

Software Engineer (Back-end Development)
Concourse Labs, Austin, TX

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Quincy, MA

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Mauldin, SC

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Salisbury, NC

Data Infrastructure Engineer
Aurotech, Inc., Washington, DC

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Carlisle, PA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here