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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. ArangoDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. ArangoDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine vs. Milvus

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Search engineGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.08
Rank#104  Overall
#21  Document stores
#53  Relational DBMS
Score5.92
Rank#73  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.88
Rank#188  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#32  Key-value stores
Score0.37
Rank#264  Overall
#18  Search engines
Websitedrill.apache.orgwww.arangodb.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.graphengine.iomilvus.io
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docswww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
Social network pagesTwitterLinkedInFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperApache Software FoundationArangoDB Inc.ElasticMicrosoft
Initial release20122012201020102019
Current release1.19.0, June 20213.9.2, June 20227.8.0, June 20202.0, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java.NET and CC++, Go
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM.NETLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyesNumeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantnoSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC++C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsJavaScriptyesyesno
Triggersnonoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infosince version 2.0Shardinghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceMemcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DrillArangoDBElasticsearchGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMilvus
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Video media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Milvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
As of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Milvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more
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