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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Impala

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseAnalytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.73
Rank#105  Overall
#19  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score3.26
Rank#94  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgphoenix.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsphoenix.apache.orgdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software FoundationCloudera
Initial release201220142013
Current release1.19.0, June 20215.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20194.0.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++C
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesHadoop integrationyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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More resources
Apache DrillApache PhoenixImpala
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloudera's HBase PaaS offering now supports Complex Transactions
11 August 2021,  Krishna Maheshwari (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

Apache Drill improves big data SQL query engine
31 August 2021, TechTarget

Apache Drill Poised to Crack Tough Data Challenges
19 May 2015, Datanami

MapR Advances Support for Flexible and High Performance Analytics on JSON and S3 Data with Apache Drill
30 January 2019, Business Wire

Google’s Real Time Big Data Tool Cloned By Apache Drill
17 August 2012, TechCrunch

What is Apache Hadoop? Understanding Hadoop Ecosystem & Architecture | ITBE
9 September 2021, IT Business Edge

provided by Google News

Apache Phoenix Now HBase 2.0 Compatible
20 July 2018, iProgrammer

Developing Python Applications Against Apache Phoenix (HBase)
30 September 2016, DZone News

HPE gobbles up Ampool to add SQL grunt to Ezmeral
9 July 2021, The Register

The Apache Software Foundation Announces the 10th Anniversary of Apache® HBase
13 May 2020, GlobeNewswire

Cloudera adds operational database to cloud service
17 September 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Harnessing Data In Motion - insideHPC
10 January 2022, insideHPC

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

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