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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Apache Druid vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Apache Druid vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.28
Rank#119  Overall
#23  Document stores
#56  Relational DBMS
Score3.29
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score123.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgdruid.apache.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation and contributorsSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220122014
Current release1.20.3, January 202329.0.1, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache license v2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL for queryingyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnouser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourcenono
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DrillApache DruidSnowflake
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