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DBMS > Apache Drill vs. Apache Druid vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Apache Drill vs. Apache Druid vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.97
Rank#105  Overall
#19  Document stores
#53  Relational DBMS
Score3.81
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score17.90
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitedrill.apache.orgdruid.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdrill.apache.org/­docsdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation and contributorsMicrosoft
Initial release201220122016
Current release1.19.0, June 20210.21.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache license v2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL for queryingyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoTransact SQL
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceno
User concepts infoAccess controlDepending on the underlying data sourceRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemyes

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More resources
Apache DrillApache DruidMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Recent citations in the news

Apache Drill improves big data SQL query engine
31 August 2021, TechTarget

Apache Drill Poised to Crack Tough Data Challenges
19 May 2015, Datanami

What is Apache Hadoop? Understanding Hadoop Ecosystem & Architecture | ITBE
9 September 2021, IT Business Edge

MapR Advances Support for Flexible and High Performance Analytics on JSON and S3 Data with Apache Drill
30 January 2019, Business Wire

SQL-on-Hadoop tech Apache Drill is ready to use and part of MapR's distro
16 September 2014, Gigaom

provided by Google News

Imply Introduces Project Shapeshift, the Next Step in the Evolution of the Druid Experience
9 November 2021, Business Wire

Eric Tschetter Joins Imply as Field Chief Technology Officer, Reuniting with the Other Original Authors of Apache Druid
18 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

Imply to Debut Accreditation Program for Apache Druid® Basics, Giving Developers the Foundation for Building Modern Analytics Applications
27 October 2021, Business Wire

Druid-Backer Imply Lands $70M to Drive Analytics in Motion
17 June 2021, Datanami

insideBIGDATA Latest News – 11/24/2021
24 November 2021, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Microsoft Azure wants to make working with data on its platform easier
2 November 2021, TechCrunch

Gluent Allows Customers to Migrate to Azure Synapse Analytics Faster Than Ever with the Release of Gluent Data Platform 4.3
21 November 2021, WFMZ Allentown

The route to success? Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics and Power BI
9 November 2021, Technology Record

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft open-sources SynapseML for developing AI pipelines
17 November 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

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