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DBMS > Apache Doris vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Apache Doris vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Doris  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn MPP-based analytics DBMS embracing the MySQL protocolCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.60
Rank#247  Overall
#113  Relational DBMS
Score130.36
Rank#8  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score4.27
Rank#73  Overall
#13  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#39  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitedoris.apache.org
github.com/­apache/­doris
www.snowflake.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­apache/­doris/­wikidocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from BaiduSnowflake Computing Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release201720141998
Current release1.2.2, February 20237.2.11, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
MySQL client
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJavaJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functionsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningyesyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyesChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DorisSnowflakeVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
Apache DorisSnowflakeVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Apache Doris for Log and Time Series Data Analysis in NetEase: Why Not Elasticsearch and InfluxDB?
5 June 2024, hackernoon.com

Workload Isolation in Apache Doris: Optimizing Resource Management and Performance
25 May 2024, hackernoon.com

How to Digest 15 Billion Logs Per Day and Keep Big Queries Within 1 Second
1 September 2023, KDnuggets

Apache Doris just 'graduated': Why care about this SQL data warehouse
24 June 2022, InfoWorld

Using Arrow Flight SQL Protocol in Apache Doris 2.1 For Super Fast Data Transfer
8 May 2024, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

The Snowflake Attack May Be Turning Into One of the Largest Data Breaches Ever
6 June 2024, WIRED

Hackers steal “significant volume” of data from hundreds of Snowflake customers
10 June 2024, Ars Technica

Mandiant says hackers stole a 'significant volume of data' from Snowflake customers
10 June 2024, TechCrunch

Pure Storage confirms data breach after Snowflake account hack
11 June 2024, BleepingComputer

Ticketmaster's Snowflake data breach was just one of 165
11 June 2024, The Verge

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