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DBMS > Apache Doris vs. DuckDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison Apache Doris vs. DuckDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. UniData,UniVerse

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Doris  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn MPP-based analytics DBMS embracing the MySQL protocolAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Multivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.28
Rank#274  Overall
#126  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#282  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#90  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitedoris.apache.org
github.com/­apache/­incubator-doris
duckdb.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationgithub.com/­apache/­incubator-doris/­wikiduckdb.org/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docswww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from BaiduPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerRocket Software
Initial release201720181989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1985
Current release0.14, May 20210.2, August 202014.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++CC
Server operating systemsLinuxserver-lessFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
MySQL client
CLI Client
JDBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersnonoyesyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based

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