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DBMS > Apache Doris vs. Cassandra vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Apache Doris vs. Cassandra vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Doris  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn MPP-based analytics DBMS embracing the MySQL protocolWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.57
Rank#244  Overall
#113  Relational DBMS
Score101.89
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1083.74
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitedoris.apache.org
github.com/­apache/­doris
cassandra.apache.orgwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­apache/­doris/­wikicassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from BaiduApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201720081995
Current release1.2.2, February 20234.1.3, July 20238.4.0, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
MySQL client
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache DorisCassandraMySQL
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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