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DBMS > Apache Doris vs. Apache Impala vs. ClickHouse

System Properties Comparison Apache Doris vs. Apache Impala vs. ClickHouse

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Doris  Xexclude from comparisonApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonClickHouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn MPP-based analytics DBMS embracing the MySQL protocolAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA high-performance, column-oriented SQL DBMS for online analytical processing (OLAP) that uses all available system resources to their full potential to process each analytical query as fast as possible. It is available as both an open-source software and a cloud offering.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.89
Rank#220  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Score15.93
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score16.68
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitedoris.apache.org
github.com/­apache/­doris
impala.apache.orgclickhouse.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­apache/­doris/­wikiimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmlclickhouse.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from BaiduApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaClickhouse Inc.
Initial release201720132016
Current release1.2.2, February 20234.1.0, June 2022v23.12.1.1368-stable, December 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • DoubleCloud: Fully managed ClickHouse alongside best-in-class managed open-source services to build analytics at scale.
  • Aiven for Clickhouse: Managed cloud data warehousing with high-speed analytics.
  • ClickHouse Cloud: Get the performance you love from open source ClickHouse in a serverless offering that takes care of the details so you can spend more time getting insight out of the fastest database on earth.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsClose to ANSI SQL (SQL/JSON + extensions)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
MySQL client
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
JDBC
MySQL wire protocol
ODBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Rust
Scala info3rd party library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingkey based and custom
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factorAsynchronous and synchronous physical replication; geographically distributed replicas; support for object storages.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights for users and roles. Column and row based policies. Quotas and resource limits. Pluggable authentication with LDAP and Kerberos. Password based, X.509 certificate, and SSH key authentication.

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for Clickhouse: Managed cloud data warehousing with high-speed analytics.
» more

DoubleCloud: Fully managed ClickHouse alongside best-in-class managed open-source services to build analytics at scale.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache DorisApache ImpalaClickHouse
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LLM-Powered OLAP: the Tencent Experience with Apache Doris
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