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DBMS > Apache Cassandra vs. OpenSearch vs. Trino

System Properties Comparison Apache Cassandra vs. OpenSearch vs. Trino

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Cassandra  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonTrino  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneFast distributed SQL query engine for big data analytics. Forked from Presto and originally named PrestoSQL
Primary database modelWide column storeSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5Vector DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score99.13
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score16.64
Rank#35  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score5.44
Rank#59  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orggithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
trino.io
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestopensearch.org/­docs/­latesttrino.io/­broadcast
trino.io/­docs/­current
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHub
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookAmazon Web ServicesTrino Software Foundation
Initial release200820212012 info2020 rebranded from PrestoSQL
Current release4.1.3, July 20232.5.0, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • STACKIT OpenSearch offers OpenSearch in a managed version in enterprise grade, 100% GDPR-compliant, for a wide range of applications like analytics, website search, offering scalability and fast data access.
  • Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
Starburst Galaxy offers a feature-rich user interface to connect all your data sources, manage your Trino clusters, and query your data.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS infofor devlopment
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexeddepending on connected data-source
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
Trino CLI
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes, depending on connected data-source
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingdepending on connected data-source
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesdepending on connected data-source
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, alldepending on connected data-source
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnodepending on connected data-source
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesdepending on connected data-source
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectSQL standard access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache CassandraOpenSearchTrino
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
OpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Trino is the fastest open source, massively parallel processing SQL query engine...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Distributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
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High performance analtyics and data processing of very large data sets Powerful ANSI...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
The OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Performant analytics query engine for data warehouses, data lakes, and data lakehouses...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Trino is widely adopted across the globe as freely-available open source software....
» more
Market metricsApache Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
33000+ commits in GitHub 8200+ stargazers in GitHub 1200+ pull requests merged in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
The OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more
Trino is an open source project and usage is therefore free. Commercial offerings...
» more
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

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Apache CassandraOpenSearchTrino
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