DB-EnginesextremeDB - solve IoT connectivity disruptionsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by Redgate Software

DBMS > Apache Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SurrealDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SurrealDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Cassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSurrealDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMS
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score99.13
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.77
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score1.04
Rank#180  Overall
#30  Document stores
#17  Graph DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­spannersurrealdb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docssurrealdb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogleSurrealDB Ltd
Initial release200820172022
Current release5.0-rc1, July 2024v1.5.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaRust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Deno
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes, based on authentication and database rules
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache CassandraGoogle Cloud SpannerSurrealDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsApache Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

The Hitchhiker's Guide to Vector Embeddings
18 July 2024

Highly Accurate Retrieval for your RAG Application with ColBERT and Astra DB
17 July 2024

TalentList: Integrating Astra DB and Hybrid Search for Optimal Job Candidate Matching
16 July 2024

DataStax on Microsoft Azure: The Best Destination for Generative AI Applications
16 July 2024

Better LLM Integration and Relevancy with Content-Centric Knowledge Graphs
11 July 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Cassandra Forward event: Want to level up your Cassandra game? Watch now replays of the March 2023 sessions.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache CassandraGoogle Cloud SpannerSurrealDB
Recent citations in the news

Apache Cassandra 5.0: Answering Enterprises' Biggest Questions
15 July 2024, ITPro Today

Unveiling Apache Cassandra 5.0: Innovations, Implications and Future Directions
17 July 2024, devmio

Cassandra is the “best f*cking database for gen AI,” says DataStax CEO
13 December 2023, VentureBeat

NoSQL Database Growth Has Slowed, but AI Is Driving Demand
11 July 2024, The New Stack

How PayU uses Amazon Keyspaces (for Apache Cassandra) as a feature store
24 June 2024, AWS Blog

provided by Google News

Google Improves Cloud Spanner: More Compute and Storage without Price Increase
14 October 2023, InfoQ.com

Google turns up the heat on AWS, claims Cloud Spanner is half the cost of DynamoDB
11 October 2023, TechCrunch

Google makes its Cloud Spanner database service faster and more cost-efficient
11 October 2023, SiliconANGLE News

Google Spanner: When Do You Need to Move to It?
11 September 2023, hackernoon.com

More AI Added to Google Cloud’s Databases
28 February 2024, Datanami

provided by Google News

SurrealDB is helping developers consolidate their databases
18 June 2024, TechCrunch

Multi-model database startup SurrealDB raises $20M and announces cloud beta access
18 June 2024, SiliconANGLE News

SurrealDB Raises $20M To Disrupt Big Data Industry
20 June 2024, Datanami

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: SurrealDB
10 May 2024, SDTimes.com

SurrealDB Raises $20 Million to Disrupt Database Tech; Introduces New Cloud Beta Access
18 June 2024, PR Newswire

provided by Google News



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Milvus logo

Vector database designed for GenAI, fully equipped for enterprise implementation.
Try Managed Milvus for Free

Datastax Astra logo

Bring all your data to Generative AI applications with vector search enabled by the most scalable
vector database available.
Try for Free

SingleStore logo

The database to transact, analyze and contextualize your data in real time.
Try it today.

RaimaDB logo

RaimaDB, embedded database for mission-critical applications. When performance, footprint and reliability matters.
Try RaimaDB for free.

Present your product here