DB-EnginesextremeDB - solve IoT connectivity disruptionsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by Redgate Software

DBMS > Apache Cassandra vs. Databend vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison Apache Cassandra vs. Databend vs. Google Cloud Spanner

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Cassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDatabend  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessAn open-source, elastic, and workload-aware cloud data warehouse designed to meet businesses' massive-scale analytics needs at low cost and with low complexityA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score99.13
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.27
Rank#294  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score2.77
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orggithub.com/­datafuselabs/­databend
www.databend.com
cloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.databend.comcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDatabend LabsGoogle
Initial release200820212017
Current release5.0-rc1, July 20241.0.59, April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaRust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Linux
macOS
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
CLI Client
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"noneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenoneMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsyesACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache CassandraDatabendGoogle Cloud Spanner
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsApache Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

DataStax AI PaaS Is Now Enhanced with State-of-the-Art Retrieval Embedding with NVIDIA NeMo Retriever Integration
23 July 2024

The Hitchhiker's Guide to Vector Embeddings
18 July 2024

Highly Accurate Retrieval for your RAG Application with ColBERT and Astra DB
17 July 2024

TalentList: Integrating Astra DB and Hybrid Search for Optimal Job Candidate Matching
16 July 2024

DataStax on Microsoft Azure: The Best Destination for Generative AI Applications
16 July 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Cassandra Forward event: Want to level up your Cassandra game? Watch now replays of the March 2023 sessions.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache CassandraDatabendGoogle Cloud Spanner
Recent citations in the news

Cassandra vs. PostgreSQL: Making the Right Database Choice
13 May 2024, Spiceworks News and Insights

Cassandra is the “best f*cking database for gen AI,” says DataStax CEO
13 December 2023, VentureBeat

NoSQL Database Growth Has Slowed, but AI Is Driving Demand
11 July 2024, The New Stack

Unveiling Apache Cassandra 5.0: Innovations, Implications and Future Directions
17 July 2024, devm.io

Microsoft extends life support for aging Apache Cassandra 3.11 database
10 October 2023, The Register

provided by Google News

Data Bending: Creating Unique Digital Visual Effects
23 April 2020, RedShark News

Rust and the OS, the Web, Database and Other Languages
21 November 2022, The New Stack

£1.1 Million in AddisonMckee Tube Bending Technologies Provides Dinex with Outstanding OEM Credentials
24 May 2007, Thomasnet

provided by Google News

Google Cloud Spanner gets dual-region configuration option
23 July 2024, InfoWorld

Google Improves Cloud Spanner: More Compute and Storage without Price Increase
14 October 2023, InfoQ.com

Google turns up the heat on AWS, claims Cloud Spanner is half the cost of DynamoDB
11 October 2023, TechCrunch

Google makes its Cloud Spanner database service faster and more cost-efficient
11 October 2023, SiliconANGLE News

Google Spanner: When Do You Need to Move to It?
11 September 2023, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News



Share this page

Featured Products

SingleStore logo

Build AI apps with Vectors on SQL and JSON with milliseconds response times.
Try it today.

Milvus logo

Vector database designed for GenAI, fully equipped for enterprise implementation.
Try Managed Milvus for Free

Datastax Astra logo

Bring all your data to Generative AI applications with vector search enabled by the most scalable
vector database available.
Try for Free

RaimaDB logo

RaimaDB, embedded database for mission-critical applications. When performance, footprint and reliability matters.
Try RaimaDB for free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here