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DBMS > Amazon SimpleDB vs. Microsoft Azure AI Search vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon SimpleDB vs. Microsoft Azure AI Search vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon SimpleDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure AI Search  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted simple database service by Amazon, with the data stored in the Amazon Cloud. infoThere is an unrelated product called SimpleDB developed by Edward ScioreSearch-as-a-service for web and mobile app developmentWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelKey-value storeSearch engineRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsVector DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.88
Rank#133  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
Score5.52
Rank#59  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score636.25
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­simpledbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­searchwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­simpledblearn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­searchwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200720151989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV116.3, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infoAll columns are indexed automaticallyyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Erlang
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoSharding must be implemented in the applicationSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoConcurrent data updates can be detected by the applicationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infousing Azure authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon SimpleDBMicrosoft Azure AI SearchPostgreSQL
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