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DBMS > Amazon SimpleDB vs. IBM Cloudant vs. PostgreSQL vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon SimpleDB vs. IBM Cloudant vs. PostgreSQL vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon SimpleDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted simple database service by Amazon, with the data stored in the Amazon Cloud. infoThere is an unrelated product called SimpleDB developed by Edward ScioreDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.25
Rank#116  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score4.25
Rank#86  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score597.27
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#303  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­simpledbwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantwww.postgresql.orggithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­simpledbcloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAmazonIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSTS Soft SC
Initial release200720101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2011
Current release14.1, November 20214.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangCC#
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infoAll columns are indexed automaticallyyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
.NET Client API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Erlang
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoSharding must be implemented in the applicationShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoConcurrent data updates can be detected by the applicationno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Amazon SimpleDBIBM CloudantPostgreSQLSTSdb
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