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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Snowflake vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Snowflake vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.41
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score2.73
Rank#101  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score18.40
Rank#34  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.snowflake.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Snowflake Computing Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201220142014
Current release3.0.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCScala
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonuser defined functionsno
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftSnowflakeSpark SQL
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Recent citations in the news

Restrict Amazon Redshift Spectrum external table access to Amazon Redshift IAM users and groups using role chaining
6 July 2020, idk.dev

The fundamental issues with Amazon Redshift
30 June 2020, ITProPortal

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10 June 2020, GeekWire

SqlDBM Joins Snowflake Partner Connect
9 July 2020, PR Web

S.F.-based Fauna raises $27 million, onboards former Okta and Snowflake execs
1 July 2020, San Francisco Business Times

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9 July 2020, Jewish Life News

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Spark AI Summit 2020 Highlights: Innovations to Improve Spark 3.0 Performance
3 July 2020, InfoQ.com

Spark 3.0 Brings Big SQL Speed-Up, Better Python Hooks
25 June 2020, Datanami

Spark 3.0 changes gears with adaptive query execution and GPU help
23 June 2020, DevClass

Spark 3 Improves Python and SQL Support
22 June 2020, iProgrammer

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24 June 2020, Datanami

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