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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Amazon Redshift and PostgreSQL with Amazon DynamoDB, Snowflake and Amazon Aurora.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.19
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score620.84
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release14.4, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
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DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

State of PostgreSQL 2022
Survey, open until June 30, 2022 at 11:59pm PT, 15-30 June 2022 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Snowflake taps Python to take on Teradata, Google BigQuery, and Amazon Redshift
14 June 2022, InfoWorld

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provided by Google News

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