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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle vs. TimescaleDB vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle vs. TimescaleDB vs. XAP

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWidely used RDBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQLHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Relational DBMSObject oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.97
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score1344.75
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#121  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#171  Overall
#27  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.timescale.comwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.timescale.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)OracleTimescaleGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release2012198020172000
Current release19c, February 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++CJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntaxSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shellyes
Triggersnoyesyesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributesSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication with hot standby and reads on slaves infoMaster-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftOracleTimescaleDBXAP
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
TimescaleDB is the first open-source time-series database that combines the reliability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT, Industrial Machine, and Sensor Data Various industrial IoT use cases across...
» more
Key customersAltair Engineering Inc., Bloomberg, Comcast, Cray, Cree, DNSFilter, Laika, LaunchDarkly,...
» more
Market metrics1.8 million+ downloads, 7,500+ Github stars
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Apache 2 and Timescale License (TSL); Product matrix here ; information on pricing...
» more

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3rd partiesDremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftOracleTimescaleDBXAP
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