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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWidely used RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.99
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score1264.02
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)OracleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201219802014
Current release18 (18.1), February 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftOracleSnowflake
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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DBHawk: a web-based Amazon Redshift Workbench and Cloud database tool.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftOracleSnowflake
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Conferences and events

Oracle OpenWorld Asia 2019
Singapore, 26-27 March 2019

Recent citations in the news

Striim Teams with Amazon Web Services to Continuously Deliver Data to Amazon Redshift
7 February 2019, PRNewswire

Amazon's Redshift is losing ground in the data warehouse wars
1 February 2019, TechRepublic

22 top analytics and business intelligence platforms
15 February 2019, Health Data Management

Microsoft claims Azure SQL Data Warehouse is up to 14x faster than its competitors
7 February 2019, MSPoweruser

Data Warehouse Solutions On Rise, But Complexity Slows Growth
8 February 2019, RTInsights

provided by Google News

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Handle databases like a pro with this $59 Oracle training bundle
29 January 2019, The Next Web

Prominent Trade Consulting Firm in South Korea Switches to Rimini Street Support for Its Oracle Database
22 January 2019, Financial Post

Oracle throws toys out pram again, tells US claims court: Competing for Pentagon cloud contract isn't fair!
15 February 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

Trianz and CompilerWorks Partner to Enable Enterprises SHIFT to Snowflake
13 February 2019, PRNewswire

Snowflake, DataRobot Partner To Bring AI to Data Warehouse-as-a-Service
23 January 2019, Integration Developers

Data Warehouse in the Cloud Benchmark
6 February 2019, Gigaom

Cloud data warehouse company Snowflake Computing raises $450 million at $3.5 billion valuation
11 October 2018, VentureBeat

$1.5B Snowflake Computing Is Beating Oracle In $15B Data Warehousing Market
15 June 2018, Forbes Now

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