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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWidely used RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)OracleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201219802014
Current release19c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftOracleSnowflake
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