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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWidely used RDBMSKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Relational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.97
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score1344.75
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.91
Rank#74  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Score0.47
Rank#213  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmlwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)OracleOracle
Initial release2012198020112014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release19c, February 201919.5, November 201910 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise EditionOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++JavaC
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenouser defined functions
Triggersnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLwith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftOracleOracle NoSQLPostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesData can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersLarge credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsOracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

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