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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SpaceTime

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SpaceTime

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSSpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.37
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score954.02
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#360  Overall
#5  Spatial DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mireo.hr/­spacetime
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftMireo
Initial release201219892020
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationFixed-grid hypercubes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionReal-time block device replication (DRBD)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft SQL ServerSpaceTime
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