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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.87
Rank#32  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score1085.06
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1346.66
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftOracle
Initial release201219891980
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201719c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DBHawk: a web-based Amazon Redshift Workbench and Cloud database tool.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle
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