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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OpenEdge

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OpenEdge

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSApplication development environment with integrated database management system
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.86
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#69  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.progress.com/­openedge
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latest
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftProgress Software Corporation
Initial release201219891984
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019OpenEdge 12.2, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyes infoclose to SQL 92
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language)
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers and groups

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft SQL ServerOpenEdge
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