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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Our visitors often compare Amazon Redshift and Microsoft SQL Server with Snowflake, Amazon Aurora and Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.19
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score933.83
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Microsoft
Initial release20121989
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft SQL Server
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