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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.17
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score22.46
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220162014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSnowflake
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