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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Search  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsSearch-as-a-service for web and mobile app developmentCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.72
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score6.26
Rank#60  Overall
#7  Search engines
Score18.22
Rank#35  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­searchwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­searchdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220152014
Current releaseV1
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APICLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonnouser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousing Azure authenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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