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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonYandex Database (YDB)  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.17
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score86.18
Rank#16  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#244  Overall
#38  Document stores
#117  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasecloud.yandex.com/­en/­services/­ydb
github.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlcloud.yandex.com/­en/­docs/­managed-ydb
ydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftYandex
Initial release201220102019
Current releaseV12
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQLno
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, with always 3 replicas availableActive-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureYandex Database (YDB)
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