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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Tkrzw

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Tkrzw

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA concept of libraries, allowing an application program to store and query key-value pairs in a file. Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#340  Overall
#54  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasedbmx.net/­tkrzw
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftMikio Hirabayashi
Initial release201220102020
Current releaseV120.9.3, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQLno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, with always 3 replicas availablenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infousing specific database classes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
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