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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparisonYandex Database (YDB)  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMSA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.54
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score81.98
Rank#16  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score42.76
Rank#25  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score0.52
Rank#258  Overall
#39  Document stores
#118  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.htmlcloud.yandex.com/­en/­services/­ydb
github.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlhelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASEcloud.yandex.com/­en/­docs/­managed-ydb
ydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftSAP, SybaseYandex
Initial release2012201019872019
Current releaseV1216.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyesSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQLJava and Transact-SQLno
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Active-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASEYandex Database (YDB)
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