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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Oracle vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Oracle vs. XAP

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsFully managed big data interactive analytics platformWidely used RDBMSHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.97
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score2.66
Rank#97  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score1344.75
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#171  Overall
#27  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftOracleGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release2012201919802000
Current release19c, February 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonYes. Languages: KQL, Python, RPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
TriggersnoTable-level update policy rules can be used to automatically run a query and ingest its results when data is ingested into another table.yesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerOracleXAP
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
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