DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.94
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.88
Rank#128  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score2.68
Rank#112  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.stardog.comdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release2012201420102017
Current release7.3.0, May 20202.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like query languageYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonJavaScriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersnoJavaScriptyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Key customersBosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsYou can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBStardogYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

(Server) less is more, ThoughtSpot on Amazon Redshift Serverless
11 May 2022, ComputerWeekly.com

Stripe's new Data Pipeline tool aims to ease syncing transaction data with Amazon Redshift and Snowflake
20 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Serverless at re:Invent: Where should Amazon Redshift go?
6 December 2021, ZDNet

AWS Introduces Amazon Redshift Serverless
1 December 2021, InfoQ.com

GRAX Launches in AWS Marketplace as AWS ISV Accelerate Partner
4 May 2022, Business Wire

provided by Google News

NoSQL Databases Software Market – A Comprehensive Study by Key Players:MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis – The Daily Vale
22 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Microsoft fixes cross-account vulns in Azure Database for PostgreSQL service
28 April 2022, The Register

An Introduction and Tutorial for Azure Cosmos DB
25 February 2022, InfoQ.com

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Integrate Azure and Spring with Spring Cloud Azure
9 May 2022, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Can Yugabyte Become The Defacto Database For Large-Scale, Cloud Native Applications?
19 May 2022, Forbes

Yugabyte CEO awaits flywheel effect for cloud-native apps
24 April 2022, IDG Connect

Tech Data partners with Yugabyte to leverage digital transformation strategies
19 April 2022, iTWire

Yugabyte stores up $188M more for its open-source distributed SQL database model, now valued at $1.3B+
28 October 2021, TechCrunch

Yugabyte Delivers Effortless Distributed SQL With Cloud Database-as-a-Service
21 September 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Security Engineer, Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Software Development Engineer - Amazon Redshift Query Processing, Query Processing
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

Sr. Database Engineer - AWS, Amazon Redshift
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

Principal Developer Advocate, Amazon Redshift
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Amazon Redshift - Software Development Engineer, AWS Redshift
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

Azure | COSMOS DB Engineer - Remote
Intertech, Inc, Green Bay, WI

Support Engineering - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

Site Reliability Engineer – Azure Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

MS Azure Sr. Developer or Architect
Wintrio, Austin, TX

Entry Level .Net/C# Software Developer - Summer 2022 (Nationwide or Remote)
BDO, Austin, TX

Lead Database Engineer - Yugabyte
WELLS FARGO BANK, Des Moines, IA

Lead Database Engineer - Yugabyte
WELLS FARGO BANK, Phoenix, AZ

Lead Database Engineer - Yugabyte
WELLS FARGO BANK, Chandler, AZ

Senior Database Engineer
WELLS FARGO BANK, West Des Moines, IA

Lead Database Engineer - Yugabyte
WELLS FARGO BANK, Dallas, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Present your product here