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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Access vs. OrientDB vs. Prometheus vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Access vs. OrientDB vs. Prometheus vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Open-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score128.95
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score6.27
Rank#62  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessorientdb.orgprometheus.iowww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlprometheus.io/­docsdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPStardog-Union
Initial release20121992201020152010
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.1.9, February 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++JavaGoJava
Server operating systemshostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport of XML data possibleno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesnoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language, no joinsnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJava, Javascriptnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineHooksnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneMulti-source replicationyes infoby FederationMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyes inforelationship in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft AccessOrientDBPrometheusStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftMicrosoft AccessOrientDBPrometheusStardog
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