DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the hard real time dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsIn-memory JavaScript DBMSGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.94
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#228  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.88
Rank#128  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshifttechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release2012201420142010
Current release7.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Sourcecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaScriptJava
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes infovia viewsyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languageYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JavaScript APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScript.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonView functions in JavaScriptJavaScriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersnoyesJavaScriptyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftLokiJSMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Key customersBosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsYou can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftLokiJSMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

(Server) less is more, ThoughtSpot on Amazon Redshift Serverless
11 May 2022, ComputerWeekly.com

Stripe's new Data Pipeline tool aims to ease syncing transaction data with Amazon Redshift and Snowflake
20 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Data Quality Startup Monte Carlo Is A Unicorn After Fourth Funding Round In Two Years
24 May 2022, Forbes

Matillion Appoints General Counsel and Chief Legal Officer
25 May 2022, WSIL TV

Serverless at re:Invent: Where should Amazon Redshift go?
6 December 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
18 November 2014, iProgrammer

Fast, Lightweight Data Storage for Cordova Apps with LokiJS
26 January 2016, SitePoint

provided by Google News

Microsoft Announces Intelligent Data Platform For Database Integration
24 May 2022, TechDecisions

An Introduction and Tutorial for Azure Cosmos DB
25 February 2022, InfoQ.com

Wiz: Vulnerability In Microsoft Azure Database Allowed Access To Sensitive Customer Data
28 April 2022, CRN

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Integrate Azure and Spring with Spring Cloud Azure
9 May 2022, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Security Engineer, Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Performance Engineer - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Remote

Performance Engineer - Amazon Redshift, Redshift Data Management
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Principal Developer Advocate, Amazon Redshift
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Sr. Software Development Engineer - AWS, Amazon Redshift
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

Support Engineering - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

Site Reliability Engineer – Azure Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

azure architect
Intone Networks, Remote

MS Azure Sr. Developer or Architect
Wintrio, Austin, TX

Entry Level .Net/C# Software Developer - Summer 2022 (Nationwide or Remote)
BDO, Austin, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here