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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.99
Rank#29  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score1.63
Rank#134  Overall
#22  Document stores
#25  Key-value stores
#4  Object oriented DBMS
#68  Relational DBMS
Score32.50
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1345.00
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irisazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)InterSystemsMicrosoftOracle
Initial release2012201820141980
Current release2020.2, July 202019c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesdepending on used data modelschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesJavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
TriggersnoyesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftInterSystems IRISMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracle
Specific characteristicsInterSystems IRIS is a complete cloud-first data platform which includes a multi-model...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftInterSystems IRISMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracle
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