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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMSThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMSHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score54.01
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#168  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.htmlwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­adaptive-server-enterprisedocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ClouderaOracleSAP, SybaseGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release20122013198019872000
Current release3.3.0, August 201919c, February 201916.014.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++C and C++Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJava and Transact-SQLyes
Triggersnonoyesyesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioningSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftImpalaOracleSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASEXAP
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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More resources
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