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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. PouchDB vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. PouchDB vs. SAP Adaptive Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMSJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score54.01
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­databasepouchdb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasepouchdb.com/­guideshelp.sap.com/­adaptive-server-enterprise
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ClouderaOracleApache Software FoundationSAP, Sybase
Initial release20122013198020121987
Current release3.3.0, August 201919c, February 20197.1.1, June 201916.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++JavaScriptC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScriptC
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleView functions in JavaScriptJava and Transact-SQL
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftImpalaOraclePouchDBSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
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Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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More resources
Amazon RedshiftImpalaOraclePouchDBSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
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