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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.72
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score16.07
Rank#36  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1316.67
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ClouderaOracle
Initial release201220131980
Current release3.4.0, April 202019c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftImpalaOracle
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Recent citations in the news

Baffle supports adaptive data security controls for Amazon Redshift
1 February 2021, Help Net Security

Anaplan brings its business planning tools to Amazon Web Services' cloud
25 February 2021, SiliconANGLE News

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23 February 2021, Healthcare IT News

AWS unveils three analytics capabilities to improve Amazon Redshift performance
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Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
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Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much – Gigaom
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Pentaho adds Amazon Redshift, Cloudera Impala to stable of data sources
17 February 2015, SiliconANGLE

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

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GraalVM inside Oracle Database
12 February 2021, InfoQ.com

Kafka backer Confluent introduces Premium Connector for Oracle Database
16 February 2021, ZDNet

AWS and Rackspace Lose 700 PostgreSQL Databases to Oracle Autonomous Database
25 February 2021, Cloud Wars

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