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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used RDBMSThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score31.67
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score54.01
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­adaptive-server-enterprise
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ClouderaMicrosoftOracleSAP, Sybase
Initial release20122013201419801987
Current release3.3.0, August 201919c, February 201916.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJava and Transact-SQL
TriggersnonoJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracleSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracleSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
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