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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. JSqlDb vs. Oracle vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. JSqlDb vs. Oracle vs. Sqrrl

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonJSqlDb  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopJavaScript Query Language Database, stores JavaScript objects and primitivesWidely used RDBMSAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#340  Overall
#46  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmljsqldb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasesqrrl.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ClouderaKonrad von BackstromOracleAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release20122013201819802012
Current release3.3.0, August 20190.8, December 201819c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducefunctions in JavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factornoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftImpalaJSqlDbOracleSqrrl
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
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