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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. NSDb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. NSDb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsCloud-based data warehousing serviceElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of Kubernetes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.37
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#124  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score17.98
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#360  Overall
#37  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-warehouseazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsnsdb.io
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsnsdb.io/­Architecture
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)IBMMicrosoft
Initial release2012201420162017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, string
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possiblenono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonPL/SQL, SQL PLTransact SQLno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesUsing Apache Lucene
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseNSDb
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