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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score83.45
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthive.apache.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220122014
Current release3.1.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC++
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftHiveSnowflake
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Recent citations in the news

Serverless at re:Invent: Where should Amazon Redshift go?
6 December 2021, ZDNet

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18 January 2022, Yahoo Finance

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All Eyes on Snowflake and Databricks in 2022
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21 January 2022, MarTech

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