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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used RDBMSKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.97
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score83.53
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1344.75
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.91
Rank#74  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthive.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracleOracle
Initial release2012201219802011
Current release3.1.2, August 201919c, February 201919.5, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLwith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftHiveOracleOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesData can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersLarge credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsOracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Amazon RedshiftHiveOracleOracle NoSQL
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