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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Impala vs. JSqlDb vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Impala vs. JSqlDb vs. Oracle

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonJSqlDb  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for HadoopJavaScript Query Language Database, stores JavaScript objects and primitivesWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score71.17
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#340  Overall
#46  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmljsqldb.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookClouderaKonrad von BackstromOracle
Initial release20122012201320181980
Current release3.1.2, August 20193.3.0, August 20190.8, December 201819c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinuxLinux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducefunctions in JavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorselectable replication factornoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftHiveImpalaJSqlDbOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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