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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Impala

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.37
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score75.29
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score15.52
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookCloudera
Initial release201220122013
Current release3.1.2, August 20193.3.0, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftHiveImpala
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Recent citations in the news

SnapLogic Achieves Amazon Redshift Ready Designation
6 August 2020, Yahoo Finance

Datacoral Achieves Amazon Redshift Ready Designation
3 August 2020, PRNewswire

Manage and control your cost with Amazon Redshift Concurrency Scaling and Spectrum
28 July 2020, idk.dev

Federate access to your Amazon Redshift cluster with Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS): Part 2
23 July 2020, idk.dev

Develop an application migration methodology to modernize your data warehouse with Amazon Redshift
13 July 2020, idk.dev

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No buzz from the Hive: Project delayed | News
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31 July 2020, Owned

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7 July 2020, Datanami

provided by Google News

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Shark: Real-time queries and analytics for big data
26 November 2012, O'Reilly Radar

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

provided by Google News

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