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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. HBase vs. PostgreSQL vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. HBase vs. PostgreSQL vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.96
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score51.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score513.92
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.59
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#288  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthbase.apache.orgwww.postgresql.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-kvstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshifthbase.apache.orgwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerBasho TechnologiesSTS Soft SC
Initial release201220081989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20092011
Current release2.2.0, June 201912.2, February 20202.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCJavaCErlangC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoCoprocessors in Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.JavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersnoyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono

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