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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. HBase vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. HBase vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableOpen source graph databaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.96
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score51.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score51.78
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.59
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#288  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthbase.apache.orgneo4j.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kvstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshifthbase.apache.orgneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetNeo4j, Inc.Basho TechnologiesSTS Soft SC
Initial release20122008200720092011
Current release2.2.0, June 20194.0.2, March 20202.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJava, ScalaErlangC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenerestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnononono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handleryes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes infoRelationships in graphsno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nono
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftHBaseNeo4jRiak KVSTSdb
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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