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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.67
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score50.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score32.05
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score5.24
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#296  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthbase.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbriak.com/­products/­riak-kvstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshifthbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesSTS Soft SC
Initial release20122008201420092011
Current release2.2.0, June 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaErlangC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infoJSON typesnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScriptJavaScript and Erlangno
TriggersnoyesJavaScriptyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonono infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)Multi-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelnono

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftHBaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRiak KVSTSdb
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