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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. HBase vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. HBase vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. SAP Adaptive Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMSThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score48.35
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score54.01
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthbase.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshifthbase.apache.orgdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­adaptive-server-enterprise
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetClouderaOracleSAP, Sybase
Initial release20122008201319801987
Current release2.2.0, June 20193.3.0, August 201919c, February 201916.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJava and Transact-SQL
Triggersnoyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftHBaseImpalaOracleSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftHBaseImpalaOracleSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
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