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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Greenplum vs. Teradata Aster vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Greenplum vs. Teradata Aster vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Platform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and typesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.86
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score13.61
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1.90
Rank#123  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#292  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftgreenplum.orgwww.tigergraph.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Pivotal Software Inc.Teradata
Initial release20122005200520172009
Current release6.7.1, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Storeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2yes infoin Aster File Storenono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)no
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
C++
Java
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesR packagesyesno
Triggersnoyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replicationyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Frameworkyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationnone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftGreenplumTeradata AsterTigerGraphTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGreenplumTeradata AsterTigerGraphTinkerGraph
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