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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. GraphDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. GraphDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportWidely used RDBMSKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.97
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#143  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1344.75
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.91
Rank#74  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftgraphdb.ontotext.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)OntotextOracleOracle
Initial release2012200019802011
Current release8.8, January 201919c, February 201919.5, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonJava Server PluginPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLwith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoConstraint checkingyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOracleOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
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