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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.37
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.85
Rank#188  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score4.40
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.ioorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201220102010
Current release3.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC.NET and CJava
Server operating systemshosted.NETAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APITinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonyesJava, Javascript
TriggersnonoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityOrientDB
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